New varieties on the 2014/15 HGCA Recommended Lists will helpgrowers target specific markets and assist with pest and disease control.
In total, 25 varieties have been added to the HGCA RecommendedLists, while 23 varieties have been removed.
The new varieties added to the Lists push yields forward but carehas been taken to provide a good choice for growers looking forvarieties with specific agronomic characteristics which can help maximise thepotential of their farm, says HGCAs Dr Simon Oxley who manages theRecommended Lists.
Processors should also welcome one or two good new varieties forall the main markets, he adds.
An important change to the HGCA Wheat List this year is thetesting of Group 1 bread-making wheats. Millers organisation nabim will nowgive new bread making wheat varieties a provisional nabim Group 1 rating (P)when each years Lists are published in December. This will be followedby testing of commercial quantities which will confirm the provisional Group 1status. Final Group 1 classifications will be published in April eachyear. For more information, visit www.nabim.org.uk.
Skyfall is the first variety to go through this process as a provisionalGroup 1. It outyields existing Group 1 varieties and has good disease ratingsas well as resistance to orange wheat blossom midge. Early indications fromnabim tests are that this variety has all the characteristics to be a qualitybread wheat.
Othernewly recommended wheats include two nabim Group 2 varieties. Cubanita bringsforward Group 2 yields without compromising quality, straw stiffness ormaturity. KWS Cashel earns its place on the Group 2 list as a specialistvariety as it has stronger gluten than any other variety available. Thisvariety is likely to interest millers as a way to increase the gluten contentin their grists, particularly as this characteristic is usually imported. Bothof these varieties are also provisionally approved for ukp export.
In the nabim Group 3category, there are two new varieties, Zulu and Icon. Zulucombines biscuit making quality with uks export potential and also amedium rating for distilling. Icon also has biscuit making quality butis more favoured for distilling with a good rating, however it is only suitablefor export in a blend.
There are two newhigh-yielding Soft Group 4 wheats, Panacea has a recommendation for theNorth and East Regions, it has a good rating for distilling. Twister isrecommended in the North region where it yielded particularly well it israted medium for distilling. The only new Hard Group 4 is Evolution, itequals the top treated and untreated yields on the Recommended List and hasgood disease resistance.
Growers interestedin spring sown feed wheat and barley will see a continuing trend in varietieswhich offer spring sowing and an increase in yield. There is one spring feedwheat, KWS Kilburn and one new spring feed barley, Shada. This isa positive addition to the Recommended Lists widening the choice for growerslooking for options to manage black-grass or in situations where wet autumnweather limits drilling opportunities for winter cereals.
For winter barleygrowers, there is a choice of two new feed varieties for the UK, KWS Towerand Tetris, as well as an additional variety selected for the Northregion, Cavalier. KWS Tower and Tetris both lead the wayon improved yields and Tetris brings excellent rhynchosporium resistanceto the HGCA Recommended List.
Spring maltingbarley sees four varieties under test for malt brewing, each with differentcharacteristics of interest to growers. Shaloo has good resistance torhynchosporium and resistance to lodging, KWS Aurelia leads onresistance to ramularia, whilst the lower yielding variety Hacker leadson specific weight and earlier ripening, KWS Irina has good resistanceto mildew, ramularia and brackling.
Four new oilseedrape varieties offer improved yield. The East/West Oilseed Rape List sees fouradditions and the North List one new variety, Incentive makes bothregional lists as it yielded well throughout the UK. Charger, Trinity,and Harper all offer higher yields in the East/West Region.
Two new winter oatvarieties have also been added to the List. Rhapsody is a conventionalhusked variety with a high yield and good resistance to mildew, but isweak-strawed. Beacon is a new naked variety which provides more varietychoice in this market and excellent resistance to mildew. Two new spring oatvarieties have also been added. Monaco is a new high-yielding variety,whilst Conway has a high specific weight and good resistance to mildew.
When using theLists, in addition to looking at yield, growers need to take into accountregional factors such as disease risk and markets for specific types of grain,adds Dr Simon Oxley of HGCA.
Summaries of the newHGCA Recommended Lists are available on the HGCA website at www.hgca.com/varieties. The full HGCA Recommended Listsbooklet will be sent out with Grain Outlook in early 2014.
HGCA is pleased toannounce that Professor Peter Gregory, of East Malling Research, will be theChair of the Recommended List project board from 2014.