Livestock rustlers continue despite the pandemic

Rural insurer warns against complacency over rustling as it remains one of the most costly crimes for farmers.

New figures released today by leading rural insurer NFU Mutual reveal that farm animals worth an estimated £2.3m were stolen from UK farms last year, making rustling one of the most costly crimes for British farmers after vehicle and machinery theft.

Although the pandemic saw the cost of rustling in the UK decrease by a quarter, in the South West region the cost of animals stolen rose by over a third to an estimated £320,000.

In the Midlands, a sharp fall of 44 per cent in 2020 followed the successful prosecution of livestock thieves who horrified farmers and the public in 2019 by barbarically slaughtering large numbers sheep in fields in Northamptonshire and leaving their remains behind.

Rebecca Davidson, rural affairs specialist at NFU Mutual, said: “Last year’s overall fall is encouraging news to an industry which has worked hard through the pandemic to keep the nation fed.

“Tougher police enforcement certainly seems to have taken effect and the Coronavirus restrictions may have also deterred criminals who would have been easier to detect during lockdown.

“However, the latest figures from NFU Mutual’s claims are not a reason for complacency and we are deeply concerned this crime continues – even at a time of crisis. Modern rustling is a large-scale, organised crime causing suffering to animals, adding financial pressures to farmers and putting public health at risk.

“We are worried that when movement restrictions ease there could be a resurgence as thieves target the countryside again. We are urging farmers to remain vigilant and check stock regularly.”


A growing problem

Rustling has always been an aspect of farming but 10 years ago, NFU Mutual says it would rarely see claims of more than a dozen sheep taken at a time. The insurer now regularly receives reports of 30–100 sheep being taken in a single raid.

Rebecca added: “As well as causing untold suffering to ewes, who may be in lamb when they are stolen, rustling is causing high levels of anxiety for farmers who have built up their flocks over many years.”

NFU Mutual has welcomed the successful prosecution and jailing of criminals responsible for horrific killings and butchery of sheep in fields, which shocked the nation in 2019. In November 2020, a further joint operation between Warwickshire and Northamptonshire Police resulted in the conviction of a man for the theft and slaughter of sheep in Rugby. More recently in January this year, a 20-year-old man and a 16-year-old boy were sentenced in connection with the theft of a lamb in South Warwickshire.

Carol Cotterill, from the Warwickshire Police Rural Crime Team said: “Livestock thefts can be extremely distressing to both the animals who suffer, and also to the farmers who bred and raised them. This is not to mention the financial implications involved.

“Our Rural Crime Team is determined to reduce rustling offences and to investigate when they do occur, to ensure those who are responsible are brought to justice for their actions.”


Preventing rustling

Modern livestock thieves scout the countryside for targets and come equipped to steal with large vehicles. Protecting flocks requires increasingly sophisticated measures. To deter livestock thieves, NFU Mutual advises farmers to:

  • Ensure stock is clearly marked and records are up to date
  • When possible graze livestock in fields away from roads
  • Check stock regularly – and vary times of feeding/check ups
  • Consider a high-tech marking system such as TecTracer which puts thousands of coded microdot markers into a sheep’s fleece
  • Join a Farm or Rural Watch scheme to share information about rural crime in your area
  • Ask neighbours to report any suspicious sightings to the police, or to give information 100 per cent anonymously to the Crimestoppers hotline: 0800 555 111
  • Dial 999 immediately if an incident is taking place – do not approach criminals

Advice about rural crime trends and protecting farms and rural property is available from NFU Mutual’s 2020 Rural Crime Report:


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